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SI joint pain

Definition of SI joint pain

SI joint pain is pain that occurs in the sacroiliac joint — the joint that connects that sacrum and the ilium. Many individuals who suffer from back pain have pain in the SI joint, making SI joint pain a relatively common condition.

Diagnosing SI joint pain

To determine if your pain is due to the SI joint, you will need to visit your physician. There are a number of physical tests to isolate the SI joint as the cause of symptoms. He or she can also administer a sacroiliac joint block, which involves inserting a needle into your SI joint and directly injecting it with a numbing medication. If the patient experiences immediate relief after the injection is administered, it can be inferred that the SI joint is the cause of the pain.

Causes of SI joint pain

SI joint pain may have a number of causes, the most common of which is repetitive side-to-side bending or twisting motions in the spine. Other common causes of Si joint pain include arthritis, an infection in the joint, an uneven pelvis or legs and previous lumbar fusion. Finally, women who are pregnant may also experience SI joint pain, but it usually goes away on its own after childbirth.

Symptoms of SI joint pain

SI joint pain also causes pain in the hips, pelvis, buttocks and legs. This pain may improve while laying down, but may also increase while bending over, sitting or standing for an extended period of time and when coughing or sneezing. Because the SI joint facilitates standing and walking, SI joint pain may also make it difficult to perform daily tasks.

Treatment for SI joint pain

Most physicians will recommend that a patient explore their conservative treatment options before undergoing surgery for the condition. Commonly utilized conservative treatment for SI joint pain includes pain and anti-inflammatory medication, epidural steroid injections, stretching and low-impact exercise. Some patients explore chiropractic care, massage therapy and other methods of alternative treatment on their own. It is important to keep your doctor informed of any complementary or alternative treatments you pursue.

Surgery for SI joint pain

Though conservative treatment is usually enough to manage a patient’s SI joint pain, some patients will find these methods unsuccessful. If you have undergone several weeks or months of conservative treatment for SI joint pain and are beginning to consider surgery, consult with the experts at Laser Spine Institute in Tampa, Florida.

Our skilled surgeons perform minimally invasive, outpatient SI joint fusion surgery as well as several other procedures to help patients reclaim their lives from neck and back pain. Performed through a less than 1-inch incision, our procedures offer many advantages over traditional open spine surgery, including reduced risk of infection and complication, shorter recovery time^ and less surgical blood loss. To find out if you are a candidate for our procedures, contact Laser Spine Institute today and we will provide you with a review of your MRI at no cost.*